A pendant light is also a category of lighting that hangs from the ceiling. However, unlike a chandelier, a pendant light is a singular light fixture that hangs by a metal rod, chain or cord. There are several configurations that can be done with the lone fixture; it can be hung as a standalone light source or it can be hung in a series.
Spot the Differences
The main point of separation between a chandelier and a pendant light is how they are suspended. Chandeliers hang with multiple branches that hold multiple lights while pendant lights hang singularly from a central cord or chain. Chandeliers tend to be more intricate and fancier, while pendants lean toward a modern, minimalistic look. Of course, there are endless styles on the market these days, so you can find a cleaner, modern chandelier or a fancier, more intricate pendant.
Beyond appearance, there is also a significant difference in how these two types of lighting are used. Chandeliers are designed to provide more ambient lighting. That means that they are intended to be a source of elegance or aesthetic and to create a desired environment. Think of it as a decorative piece in your room that also happens to provide light. The lighting source is indirect so the room will be filled with light in a uniform manner, but will likely need to be paired with additional lights throughout the room to provide an adequate amount of lighting.